Closing the Gap (Between Teeth)

Diastema, also known as tooth gaps, can be caused by several things such as periodontitis (gum disease), mesiodens (extra teeth) or childhood habits such as thumb-sucking. However, the most common cause of diastema is when an individual’s jaw is overly large causing improper spacing between teeth.

In general, tooth gaps are typically a cosmetic concern, and there are several ways to treat them. Do-It-Yourself methods are cropping up on social media, but these are unsafe and should not be tried. If you are concerned about gaps between your teeth, it’s important to talk to your dentist to decide the best way to close a tooth gap based on the cause and size of the gap, your dental health, and your budget.

To follow are several ways to treat diastema.

Dental Bonding

Dental bonding can be used to fix small gaps in the teeth. The procedure involves using a tooth-colored composite resin and is the simplest, most economical way to treat the gap. The process is usually completed in one dental visit and can last between four and eight years.   


Veneers involve constructing a custom layer of thin material (composite or porcelain) that the dentist bonds to the front of your teeth. The veneers are slightly wider than the natural teeth; thus, they are able to close a gap. Veneers can last 10 years or longer and are stain resistant, with a low chance of chipping or breaking.


For people who have several gaps or need to straighten teeth and align the jaw for a better bite, braces are typically the best option because they involve the whole mouth and use tension to move all the teeth. Choices range from traditional metal braces to removable aligners such as Invisalign. A dentist can refer you to an orthodontist who will assist you in selecting the right option for you.

Dental Implants

When a gap between teeth is caused by the removal or loss of a tooth, a dental implant
may be needed. This procedure is an oral surgery that involves placing an artificial root directly into the patient’s jawbone in order to support a replacement tooth. Once the dental implant heals, the artificial tooth is attached to it. The process, from start to finish, can take several months and is designed to be a permanent solution.
If you have questions about diastema and treatment options, contact Enlighten Dental Care and set up a consultation.

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